William James Dafoe is an American actor. He is the recipient of various accolades, including the Volpi Cup for Best Actor, in addition to receiving nominations for four Academy Awards, four Screen Actors Guild Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, and a British Academy Film Award. He frequently collaborates with filmmakers Paul Schrader, Abel Ferrara, Lars von Trier, Julian Schnabel, and Wes Anderson. Dafoe was an early member of experimental theater company The Wooster Group. He made his film debut in Heaven's Gate, but was fired during production. He had his first leading role in the outlaw biker film The Loveless and then played the main antagonist in Streets of Fire and To Live and Die in L.A.. He received his first Academy Award nomination for his role as Sergeant Elias Grodin in Oliver Stone's war film Platoon. In 1988, Dafoe played Jesus in Martin Scorsese's The Last Temptation of Christ and costarred in Mississippi Burning, both of which were controversial.