Self-care has been defined as the process of taking care of oneself with behaviors that promote health and active management of illness when it occurs. Individuals engage in some form of self-care daily with food choices, exercise, sleep, and dental care. While the concept of self care has received increased attention in recent years, it has ancient origins. Socrates has been credited with founding the self-care movement in ancient Greece, and care are of oneself and loved ones has been shown to exist since human beings appeared on earth. Self-care remains a primary form of healthcare worldwide. Routine self-care is important for generally healthy people but self-care becomes essential when illness occurs. Chronic illness requires behaviors that control the illness, decrease symptoms, and improve survival such as medication adherence and symptom monitoring.